1. North American X-15
The North American X-15 is the first in our top 10 fastest planes in the world. This aircraft holds the current world record for the fastest manned aircraft. Its top speed was Mach 6.70 (around 7,200 km / h) which it reached on October 3, 1967. To be stable at these super high speeds it had to feature a big wedge tail, however, the downside was more. low. speeds the drag was extremely large from such a tail. Therefore, a B-52 Stratofortress had to carry it up to an altitude of about 14,000 meters before dropping it, to which it ignited its own engines. Imagine sitting in a rocket only 15m long and then being dropped, it must have been a really beautiful feeling! The X-15 was used at such extreme speeds that it did not use traditional means of steering (using drag on a fin) but instead, it used rocket thrusters! This made it possible to reach altitudes above 100 kilometers, which was one of his world records.
2. Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird
After its introduction in 1966, it was used by both the USAF and NASA. 32 blackbirds were built, all used for reconnaissance and experimental research. It featured stealth technology, but if it was unexpectedly detected by enemy forces, it could overtake any interceptors or surface-to-air missiles fired at it, due to its fantastic speed. The Blackbird was so fast that the air in front of it didn’t have time to escape, so it generated a lot of pressure and increased the temperature. The temperature of the plane, which could reach several hundred degrees, expanded the metal, so it had to be built in two small pieces. Because of this, the SR-71 did leak oil when stationary. The SR-71 was developed as a long-range strategic reconnaissance aircraft capable of flying at speeds above Mach 3.2 and 85,000 feet.
3. Lockheed YF-12
This jet was a prototype American interceptor with a maximum speed of Mach 3.35. It almost looked like the SR-71 Blackbird and featured three air-to-air missiles. The reason it looked a lot like the SR-71 was because the SR-71 was based on the YF-12. Only 3 YF-12s were built, but the program has always gone down in the history books with its “highest speed”, “highest altitude” and “highest interceptor” records.
4. Mikoyan MiG-25 Foxbat
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 was a high-speed interceptor and reconnaissance/bomber aircraft (its speeds are not yet equal today!) Designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich office of the Soviet Union. First flown as a prototype in 1964, it entered service in 1970. With a top speed of Mach 3.2 (however, the engines would explode at that speed), powerful radar, and four air-to-air missiles, the MiG-25 Western observers were worried and pushed the development of the F-15 Eagle.
5. Bell X-2 Starbuster
The Bell X-2 was a rocket-propelled, swept-wing research aircraft designed to study the structural effects of aerodynamic heating, as well as the stability and effectiveness of high-speed and high-altitude control. The program was jointly developed in 1945 to explore the aerodynamic problems of supersonic flight and to expand the speed and altitude regimes achieved with the previous X-1 series of research aircraft. The Starbuster was a continuation of the X-2 program, so its area of research was to see how planes behave when flying at speeds above Mach 2.0. As can be understood, it was unarmed and featured a wing tilted backward, which made it have little air resistance and was, therefore, able to reach the impressive speed of Mach 3 196 in 1956. However, this speed was reached soon after. the pilot, Milburn G. Apt, made a sharp turn and the aircraft lost control. He was unable to regain control of the plane and escaped. Unfortunately, only the small parachute of the escape shuttle opened and struck the ground at too high a speed. This fatal accident put an end to the Starbuster program, but the Bell X-2 remains one of the 10 fastest planes in the world.
6. XB-70 Valkyrie
The XB-70 Valkyrie was a unique aircraft with six engines that together could accelerate the aircraft from 240,000 kilograms to a speed of Mach 3. This speed heated the aircraft’s chassis up to 330 ° C in some regions. . Extreme speed was necessary for two reasons: 1: to accelerate away from Soviet interceptors and 2: to be able to escape the explosion of nuclear bombs that it was able to drop. The aircraft made its first flight in 1964 and is now retired, only two have been built.
7. Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound
Avec une vitesse maximale de Mach 2,83, le prochain avion de notre top 10 des avions les plus rapides de la liste mondiale est le Mikoyan Gurevich-31 Foxhound. Le Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound est un avion intercepteur de construction russe, il est conçu pour aller directement, très vite, afin d’intercepter et de détruire les avions d’invasion, en remplacement modernisé de l’ancien MiG-25 Foxbat à la fin des années 1970. et au début des années 80.
8. McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle
The F-15E Strike Eagle is an all-weather twin-engine fighter that is the backbone of Air Force air superiority. Its proven design is undefeated in air-to-air combat, with over 100 victories in air combat. The Eagle’s twin-engine engine and it’s nearly 1: 1 thrust-to-weight ratio can propel the 18,000 kg aircraft at over 2.5 times the speed of sound. The F-15 was considered one of the most successful aircraft ever built and is still in service with the US Air Force.
9. General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark
Next on the list of the 10 fastest planes in the world is the F-111. It was a versatile tactical fighter-bomber capable of supersonic speeds. The aircraft was one of the most controversial planes ever flown, but it achieved one of the safest operating records of any aircraft in USAF history and became a ban aircraft all-time very efficient. The F-111 Aardvark is not a fighter, but a tactical bomber capable of flying at a length of 2.5. Before his retirement in 1998, he had 9 anchor points and 2 weapon bays, in addition to being able to launch a payload of 14,300 kg of bombs, a nuclear bomb, air-to-air missiles, or a machine gun. of 2000 shots. . However, due to the role of the anteater in the air, the weapon was rarely placed on it.
10. Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker
Developed by the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 1980s, the twin-engine fighter aircraft are primarily used for air superiority, including air warfare missions. Comparable to the F-15 Egle and the Grumman F-14 Tomcat, the Su-27 is a fourth-generation fighter aircraft capable of reaching speeds of up to Mach 2.35 at its intended operating altitude, with a range from 3530. km. Throughout its production from 1982 to the present, 680 units have left the factory.