Top 10 Wonders of the Ancient World

1. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt

The Great Pyramid of Giza was built around 2600 BC. C. for the Egyptian pharaoh Cheops. It is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest wonder of the ancient world and the only one that still exists. It was the structure itself with its perfect symmetry and imposing height that impressed former visitors. It was the tallest man-made structure in the world for almost 4,000 years.

 

2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Iraq

The Hanging Gardens were a hallmark of ancient Babylon. If they existed as described, they were built by Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC. C. as a gift for his middle wife, Queen Amytis. The gardens are believed to have been a remarkable technical feat – an ascending series of multi-level gardens containing all manner of trees, shrubs, and vines. They were destroyed by an earthquake sometime after the 1st century AD.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one that could have been purely legendary. Legend has it that these gardens looked like a large green mountain built with mud bricks, but many experts say it never really existed.

 

3. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Turkey

Also known as the Temple of Diana, this imposing temple was built in 550 BC. C. to honor Artemis, the Greek goddess of the hunt.
The temple is described by all elders with respect and reverence for its beauty. It was 425 feet high, 225 feet wide, and was supported by 127 60-foot columns. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, it was completely rebuilt three times before its final destruction in 356 BC by a man named Herostratus who set the temple on fire so that his name would be remembered.

 

4. Statue of Zeus, Greece

This 12-meter (40-foot) statue made by the Greek sculptor Phidias around 435 BC. C. represented the king of the Greek gods.

A sculpture of ivory plaques and gold panels on a wooden frame depicted the god Zeus seated on a throne with ivory skin and hammered gold robes. It is also one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, it was lost and destroyed in an earthquake in the 5th or 6th century CE. no copies have been found, and details of its form are known only from ancient Greek descriptions and representations on the coins.

 

5. Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Turkey

The Halicarnassus Mausoleum was a tomb built in the 4th century BC. C. for King Mausolo and his sister and wife Artemisia II of Caria.

The mausoleum was about 41 meters high and all four sides were decorated with sculptural reliefs. Mauslos and his wife chose Halicarnassus as their capital and dedicated themselves to making it the most beautiful and impressive city in the world. In 353 a. C., Mausolus died, leaving Artemisia to rule alone. In homage to him, he decides to build him a tomb so famous that the name of Mausolus is now the eponym of all the majestic tombs, in the word mausoleum. The construction was also so beautiful and unique that it became one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. She died two years after he and his ashes were buried with him in the building. It was destroyed by a series of earthquakes, from the 12th to the 15th century, and was left in ruins until it was completely dismantled by the Knights of St. John of Malta in 1494 CE.

 

6. Colossus of Rhodes, Rhodes

A 110-foot-tall statue honored the Greek sun-god Helios, erected in the town of Rhodes by Chares de Lindos in 280 BC. C. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, it was built to celebrate the victory of Rhodes over the ruler of Cyprus. Before its destruction in the earthquake, the Colossus of Rhodes stood over 33 meters tall, making it one of the tallest statues in the ancient world. According to historian Strabo, it has remained a popular tourist attraction even in ruins.

 

7. Lighthouse of Alexandria, Egypt

The world’s first lighthouse used mirrors to reflect sunlight miles from the sea. It was built in the 3rd century BC. C. and measured 134 meters (440 feet). One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, it was the tallest man-made structure after the Pyramids of Giza and its light could be seen 35 miles offshore. It was badly damaged by three earthquakes between 956 and 1323 AD, then became an abandoned ruin, and in 1480 AD after more earthquake damage it disappeared.

See, Also – Top 10 Biggest Trees in the World

8. Derinkuyu, Turkey

Derinkuyu is an ancient multi-level underground city in the Derinkuyu district of Nevşehir province, Turkey. Extending to a depth of about 60 m (200 ft), it is large enough to accommodate approximately 20,000 people along with their livestock and food stores. It is the largest excavated underground city in Turkey and one of the many underground complexes found in Cappadocia.

Built between the 7th and 8th century BC, the underground complex was built to defend against attacks from marauding armies. Although it was intended as a temporary shelter, its amenities were impressive: some 600 above-ground doors from which someone can enter the underground city, 15,000 vents to provide fresh air, as well as multiple cellars, cellars and a complex network of passages, tunnels, and corridors

 

9. Newgrange, Ireland

Newgrange’s massive rounded dome rises from the emerald plains of Irish County Meath like a grassy UFO. Built during the Neolithic period around 3200 BC. C., which makes it older than the Egyptian pyramids.

This ancient site consists of a large circular mound with a stone passage and interior chambers. The mound has a retaining wall at the front and is surrounded by etched borders. The site has a history of Irish folklore, there is no agreement on its use. It has been speculated that it has religious significance: it is aligned with the rising sun and its light floods the chamber at the winter solstice. It is considered to be one of the most important megalithic structures in Europe.

 

10. Ajanta Caves, India

About 100 km northeast of the city of Aurangabad, Ajanta Caves in India are considered the pinnacle of Indian rock-hewn architecture. The first Buddhist rock monuments in Ajanta date from the 2nd and 1st centuries BC. During the 5th and 6th centuries AD, many other richly decorated caves were added to the original group. British historian William Dalrymple called the Ajanta Caves “one of the great wonders of the ancient world”. See also; 10 Asian caves that define human history and development.